Now movie theaters in equality-minded Sweden are introducing a new rating to highlight gender bias, or rather the absence of it. To get an "A'' rating, a movie must pass the so-called Bechdel test, which means it must have at least two named female characters who talk to each other about something other than a man. Bio Rio is one of four Swedish movie theaters that launched the new rating last month to draw attention to how few movies pass.
Swedish cinema historically has a more liberal stance towards sex than their North American counterparts. These early Swedish summer films blended arthouse with grindhouse in the Scandinavian countryside, and they were able to appeal both to highbrow and lowbrow audiences as a result. This reputation was embraced in Swedish cinema for decades, and these ten films exemplify that.
Photo: Bazillionpoints Books. If you think of Swedish cinema as a rich heritage of artistic achievement, your focus is overly narrow. Danial Ekroth uses his master's degree in film science from Stockholm University to detail the national obssession with exploitation films. A tireless researcher, he studied hundreds of grindhouse nudies, slashers and "kickers" his great term for cheesy action flickscharting the careers of the smut-meisters and gore-heads who produced them.
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Films will be graded on whether on not they contain two female characters who speak about something other than a man. Swedish cinemas are setting out to highlight movie misogyny, applying a rating to films depending on whether their portrayal of female characters meets certain criteria. The Bechdel test asks whether a piece of fiction features least two women who talk to each other about something other than a man.
The book details the history of alternative Swedish cinema, the so-called sensationsfilm the Swedish equivalent to the American grindhouse. Other than erotic movies, Swedish Sensationsfilms also covers Swedish action, horror and thriller films. The book contains an introduction by actress Christina Lindbergand was published in April by Bazillion Points.